Originating from the academia, SIMO is actively used in research. Here's selection of research articles in which SIMO has been used.

Published research articles

Kangas, A., Nurmi, M., Rasinmäki, J., 2013. From a strategic to a tactical forest management plan using a hierarchic optimization approach. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 29(1): 154-165. DOI:10.1080/02827581.2013.863962

Pasalodos-Tato, M. & Mäkinen, A. 2013. Assessing uncertainty and risk in forest planning and decision support systems: review of classical methods and introduction of new approaches. Forest Systems. Accepted for publication 2/2013.

Miettinen, A., Hyytiäinen, K. & Mäkinen, A. 2012. Production costs of biodiversity zones on field and forest margins: a case study in Finland. Journal of Environmental Management 103: 122-132.

Mäkinen, A. & Kangas, A. & Nurmi, M. 2012. Using cost-plus-loss analysis to define optimal forest inventory interval and forest inventory accuracy. Silva Fennica 46(2): 211-226. http://www.metla.fi/silvafennica/full/sf46/sf462211.pdf

Kangas, A., Mehtätalo, L., Mäkinen, A. & Vanhatalo, K. 2011. Sensitivity of harvest decisions to errors in stand characteristics. Silva Fennica 45(4): 693-709.

Vastaranta, M.,Holopainen, M., Yu, X.,Hyyppä, J., Mäkinen, A., Rasinmäki, J., Melkas, T., Kaartinen H., and Hyyppä, H., 2011. Effects of Individual Tree Detection Error Sources on Forest Management Planning Calculations. Remote Sensing 3(8): 1614-1626. DOI:10.3390/rs3081614

Hyytiäinen, K., Holopainen, M., Mäkinen, A.., Rasinmäki, J., Bayazidi, S., Pietilä, I. 2011. The effects of uncertain timber price, initial state and stand growth on the net present value of a forest stand. Proceedings of the IUFRO 4.05.00 Symposium "Managerial Economics and Accounting" in Paris, May 26-30, 2010.

Pietilä, I., Kangas, A. Mäkinen, A. & Mehtätalo, L. 2010. Influence of growth prediction errors on the expected losses from forest decisions. Silva Fennica 44(5): 829-843.

Holopainen, M., Mäkinen, A., Rasinmäki, J., Hyytiäinen, K., Bayazidi, S. Vastaranta, M. & Pietilä, I. 2010. Uncertainty in forest property yield estimations. Forests 1(3): 177-193. DOI:10.3390/f1030177.

Holopainen, M., Vastaranta, M. Rasinmäki, J., Kalliovirta, J., Mäkinen, A., Haapanen, R., Melkas, T., Yu, X., Hyyppä, J. 2010. Uncertainty in timber assortment estimates predicted from forest inventory data. European Journal of Forest Research 129(6): 1131-1142. DOI: 10.1007/s10342-010-0401-4

Mäkinen, A., Kangas, A. & Mehtätalo, L. 2010. Correlations, distributions, and trends in forest inventory errors and their effects on forest planning. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40(7): 1386–1396. DOI:10.1139/X10-057

Holopainen, M., Mäkinen, A., Rasinmäki, J., Hyytiäinen, K., Bayazidi, S. & Pietilä, I. 2009. Comparison of various sources of uncertainty in stand-level net present value estimates. Forest Policy and Economics. 12(5): 377-386. DOI:10.1016/j.forpol.2010.02.009

Kotamaa, E., Tokola, T., Maltamo, M., Packalén, P., Kurttila, M. and Mäkinen, A. 2010. Integration of remote sensing-based bioenergy inventory data and optimal bucking for stand-level decision making. European Journal of Forest Research 129(5): 875-886. DOI: 10.1007/s10342-010-0357-4

Härkönen, S., Mäkinen, A., Tokola, T., Rasinmäki, J., & Kalliovirta, J. 2009. Evaluation of forest growth simulators with NFI permanent sample plot data from Finland. Forest Ecology and Management, doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.11.015

Mäkinen, A., Kangas, A., Holopainen, M. & Rasinmäki, J. 2009. Propagating the errors of initial forest variables through stand- and tree-level growth simulators. European Journal of Forest Research 129(5): 887-897. DOI: 10.1007/s10342-009-0288-0

Holopainen, M., Mäkinen, A., Rasinmäki, J., Hyyppä, J., Hyyppä, H., Kaartinen, H., Viitala, R., Vastaranta, M. & Kangas, A. 2009. Effect of tree-level airborne laser-scanning measurement accuracy on the timing and expected value of harvest decisions. European Journal of Forest Research 129(5): 899-907. DOI: 10.1007/s10342-009-0282-6

Holopainen, H., Vastaranta, M., Mäkinen, A., Rasinmäki, J., Hyyppä, J., Hyyppä, H. & Kaartinen, H. 2009. The use of tree level ALS data in forest management planning simulations. The Photogrammetric Journal of Finland 21(2): 13-24.

Rasinmäki, J., Kalliovirta, J. & Mäkinen, A. 2009. SIMO: An adaptable simulation framework for multiscale forest resource data. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 66: 76–84.

Sironen, S., Kangas, A., Maltamo, M. & Kalliovirta, J., 2008. Localization of growth estimates using non-parametric imputation methods. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 674–684. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2008.05.013

Mäkinen, A., Kangas, A., Kalliovirta, J., Rasinmäki, J., & Välimäki, E. 2008. Comparison of treewise and standwise forest simulators by means of quantile regression. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 2709-2717.

Holopainen, M., Mäkinen, A., Vastaranta, M., Rasinmäki, J., Hyyppä, J., Hyyppä, H. & Rönnholm, P. 2008. Utilization of tree species stratum data in forest planning simulations. In Hill, R., Rossette, J. and Suárez, J. 2008. Silvilaser 2008 proceedings:458-466.